Why science falls short when it is independent of metaphysics

Illustration by Planet Flem

One of the most peculiar teachings in the biological sciences is the requirement of “proof” and what this actually is. In the physical sciences, the burden of proof is often in “deduction” (e.g. You can’t see “gravity” but when you see an apple fall, you can deduce that a force is exerted on that apple.) However, in the biological sciences, the burden of proof…